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Thirukkural Book in Tamil Free Download PDF - A Guide to the Classic Tamil Literature
Thirukkural, also known as Tirukkural or Kural, is a classic Tamil literature that consists of 1330 couplets or kurals, dealing with the everyday virtues of an individual. It was written by Thiruvalluvar, a legendary poet and philosopher who lived around the 1st century BCE. Thirukkural is considered one of the most important works in Tamil language and culture, and has been translated into many languages and admired by scholars and leaders across the world.
In this article, we will provide you with a guide to Thirukkural book in Tamil free download PDF, where you can access the original text of Thirukkural in Tamil language with meaning and explanation. We will also give you some background information about Thirukkural and its author, Thiruvalluvar.
What is Thirukkural
Thirukkural is a collection of 1330 kurals or couplets, each consisting of seven words. The kurals are divided into three sections: Aram (virtue), Porul (wealth) and Inbam (love). Each section has 133 chapters, and each chapter has 10 kurals. The kurals cover various topics such as ethics, morality, governance, friendship, family, love, war, peace, etc. The kurals are concise, elegant and profound, conveying universal values and wisdom that are applicable to all times and situations.
Thirukkural is also known for its poetic beauty and literary excellence. The kurals follow a strict meter and rhyme scheme, and use various figures of speech and imagery to enhance their meaning and appeal. The kurals are also rich in symbolism and allegory, drawing from various sources such as nature, mythology, religion, history, etc. The kurals are often quoted as proverbs or aphorisms by Tamil speakers and writers.
Who is Thiruvalluvar
Thiruvalluvar is the author of Thirukkural. He is also known as Valluvar or Deivapulavar (divine poet). He is regarded as one of the greatest sages and thinkers of Tamil Nadu. However, very little is known about his life and identity. There are various legends and stories about him, but none of them can be verified with certainty.
According to one popular legend, Thiruvalluvar was born in Mylapore, a suburb of Chennai. He was a weaver by profession and a devotee of Lord Shiva. He married Vasuki, a chaste woman who served him faithfully. He composed Thirukkural on palm leaves and tested them by placing them in front of Lord Shiva's temple. If the leaves remained intact, he considered them worthy; if they were blown away by the wind or eaten by animals, he discarded them. He completed Thirukkural in three years and presented it to the king of Madurai, who was impressed by his wisdom and honored him.
Another legend says that Thiruvalluvar was born in Thirunainar Kuruchi, a village near Kanyakumari. He was a Brahmin by birth and a scholar of Vedas. He renounced his worldly life and became an ascetic. He meditated under a tamarind tree and attained enlightenment. He composed Thirukkural as a result of his divine inspiration and revealed it to the world.
There are many other versions of Thiruvalluvar's life story, but none of them can be confirmed by historical evidence. Some scholars have tried to date Thirukkural based on linguistic, literary and cultural clues, but there is no consensus among them. Some estimate that Thiruvalluvar lived around the 1st century BCE; others place him between the 3rd and 10th centuries CE.
How to Download Thirukkural Book in Tamil Free PDF
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